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A NIC team can share a load of traffic between physical and virtual networks among some or all of its members, as well as provide passive failover in the event of a hardware failure or network outage.
To utilize NIC teaming, two or more network adapters must be uplinked to a virtual switch. The main advantages of NIC teaming are:
To build a cluster, VMware uses from 2x to 32x ESXi servers that are managed using vCenter. To build a cluster, you also need a shared store. It can be implemented with VMware vSAN or with storage support providing access via Fiber Channel, iSCSI or NFS. The storage stores the virtual machine files that are available to all the cluster hosts at the same time. It is due to the overall storage and independence of the virtual machine from the physical platform that rapid migration/recovery of virtual machines is achieved.